GH has more effect then was realized on ph. Without the calcium in gh, the ph goes up, not down. While we use baking soda to steady on the kh & Ph, you would use calcium chloride and epsome salts (magnesium) to bring up the GH content!
I don't have a dosage rate for a AQ at this point, but Calcium Chloride and Epsome are added in equal parts: IE: 1 pound each will produce 50 ppm per 1,000 gl's.
Ami, Thanks for reminding me, I do tend to forget there are things (medications specifically) not available! :( Sad that!
Wendy, Sometimes bent spines can be genetic defect, but it can also be caused from lack of vitamin c (scoliosis) or from having gotten zapped by electricity. Sometimes if heaters go bad, or other equiment can do this. A varied diet with fruits and vegies is good, they love Oranges. :)
High gh & kh are not problems, but welcome. The calcium and magnesium in both are good for goldfish since they require both. Plus they go hand in hand with balanceing ph and keeping it stabile. Stability is a key item with water quality!
Re: Help needed! Is Lead safe to use in my pond?
Hi Sam, No its not. Tech, no metal should be used, especially lead or copper! Those lead weights are actually not lead, they are nickle mixed with something else. The lead will be toxic as it will leach into the water. Some kind of plastic will be much better and safer. Hope this answers your question! :)
Hi Wendy, Sorry the fish is doing so poorly! :( Thats certainly a lot of years for a goldy and you've done well to have him/her so long! :)
With TB involved, you would most likely see a "pineconing" effect of the scales, aka dropsy. :( Are you seeing scales raising? Whats your water parameters look like? Ph, ammonia,nitrite, nitrates, KH-Gh? Black marks tend to denote some ammonia burn.. so have you had any ammonia spike recently? Meds can muck up the filters and bio bugs.
IMHO, it does sound more internal, and I would go with medicated food such as romet, metro meds, aqua meds to get the antibiotics inside quicker. Treating the water generally treats externaly and fish absorb very little inside. The other alternative would be injection of Baytril and this has to be from a vet, though you can give the shots yourself!
Tumors are likely, Goldies do tend to develope them as they get older. Depending on where they are, and what they are, they may/may not effect the fish.
Nitrite is the bummer part of the cycle in, water changes of course are a must. However, salting the tank to 0.1% or 0.15% dureing this phase will be a help also. Nitrite binds the blood, and the salt helps offset this! Yes, you can cut back on the food or even cut it out completely for a few day's to help reduce the nitrite.
1 tsp. per gl = approx 0.1% minus some for the rock and any decorations etc., and any salt will do so long as it has no binders or ysp. I recomend a salt test kit also as this does help to actually see where the salt stands.
Live plants should be removed as they will not withstand the salt.
Indeed, straddling the middle of what you have read so far in places, but with a slight difference! :)