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Coldwater (73)
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Most recent entries
21/11/2017
Category: Coldwater

Author: GenericFishUsername5 (3:24 am)
HHi all, I am an amatuer fish keeper with 2 goldfish in an 8.5 gallon tank. However I am struggling, in August my 2 fish recovered from an ICH infestation and ever since then the tank has gone downhill. No matter how many times I replace the water and the filter these particles that are floating in the water wont disappear. I can tell this is stressing out the fish as when I feed them they consistantly open and close there mouths in a manner that makes it seem that they are ingesting the potentially dangerous particles. Im really hoping to fix this soon, I am thinking that I should completely replace the water but I do not know the consequences of doing this, if somebody could give me some advice on what to do I would really appreciate it!
14/10/2017
Category: Miscellaneous

Author: JohnBlack (3:54 am)
I have a 30 or 40 gal tank. its actually been a while since i took some water out and added some fresh water. ..... so i checked to see how dirty it is. by like moving around the rocks and the water became dirty. anyways my question is what can i do.

I already took half of the water out and put new water in it. water is in bags now cause i have to wait . i put a little salt rocks in because its suppose to clear water thats what it says on the box.

and also I am looking into buying a heating and cooling from
Guppy Aquirums Cooling and Heating


please let me know your thought
20/07/2017
Category: Coldwater

Author: silver moon (9:40 pm)
Hello. I wonder if any one can help. I have a cold water fancy tail goldfish?. He's about 8 approx 12 ins long. I have had him from a baby. Leonard :) so he means a great deal to me. He's excellent condition. What is the problem is I am going to live on a yacht so can not take him. I need to find a good home for him, not having much luck at the moment. I hoped one of you on her could give me some advice, point me in the right direction. I am Newcastle based. Thanks
07/07/2017
Category: Tropical

Author: KatePatterson (3:44 pm)
Please can you help?
I inherited 6 fish with their own water tank.
I have 2 bigger with black stripes that is called: Siamese Flying foxs
but dont know the 4 small once.
Pets at home told me I have to find out what they are so I can get more fish.
I am ataching images of them. Not sure if the image is showing.
Kate
03/02/2017
Category: Tropical

Author: Mr. MacGyver (9:20 pm)
I know this is generally what I do but the shoe is on the other foot and I need some help because I cannot figure out why my juvenile Melanotaenia maccullochi just up and died suddenly about an hour ago he was fine I noticed him heavy breathing near surface not schooling I checked my parameters all perfect Ammonia 0 NO2 0 NO3 10 ppm PH 7.5 water temperature 82f. Remind you this small school of rainbows and a new addition of mine I got 6 of them about a week ago they are still in quarantine I'm not using any medications just a little bit of aquarium salt fairly high temperature but everyone seems fine and healthy including him up and tell he started acting funny and then he literally rolled over within a half an hour I got a video of am acting funny but he showed no signs being sick I purchase about a week ago they've been in quarantine sense ... Any ideas wth coulda went wrong would like to proactively take any precautions to not lose any more
04/01/2017
Category: Pond/Koi

Author: jasonliam07 (1:52 pm)




it is placed near a window at morning to afternoon some light falls on my aquarium through my widow glass becoz its cold season thats why.is it good or bad?
25/11/2016
Category: Tropical

Author: S900mdr (9:12 pm)
Just bought a second hand 200l Ciano tank with aqua one external power filter. Just finished the setup today. Currently have 2 tiger barbs which I plan on upping to 5 or 6

Think I plan on stocking the tank further with

Dalmatian Molly x5
Cory catfish
Pair of red spotted severum

Would this work as a community?
18/02/2016
Category: Coldwater

Author: Joanne (11:12 am)
I know I haven't posted in quite some time, so I'm sorry for this being a sad return.

I woke this morning to find George belly up between the filter and heater. I'm a little bit heart broken.

I tried for half an hour to revive her, moving her right side up around the tank hoping water through the gills would do something, gently tapping the underside of her tummy while I did so. Nothing happened. She's gone.

I just want to thank everyone who replied to my posts when I first aquired George and helped me get on my feet with her care. Without you she wouldn't have had a better past four years than her entire sixteen put together.

Even now there's little thread veins in her tail where she was still trying to repair from all the past years of damage, so losing her while she was still trying to grow, it's just made me start crying again.

My sister confirms she was ten years old when George came to the family, making George two months short of seventeen

She weighed 275g and measured 13.5 inches tail to mouth. A far cry from the weak yellow tiddler I took in four years ago.

George, you little champion of resilience and hope. You will be missed.

I've never wanted fish to have eyelids more than I do now so they could close.



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27/12/2015
Category: Tropical

Author: Ants (11:24 pm)
Sorry for the lack of updates, been a bit busy the last couple of weeks!
Here is the tank 24 hours after setting up and the water's cleared up.

I'll deal with the plants starting from the back, with updates on their progress since I started the tank up a couple of months ago: (If I've misidentified any plants etc. please feel free to post below)

Back left: Jungle Vallis
Supposedly an easy beginners plant, this should grow quickly and eventually hide the pump outlet from sight and spread by runners. This plant is sensitive to changes in water chemistry and the leaves will die over a few weeks, but new leaves tolerant of my water should grow through in that time.
Unfortunately this hasn't worked quite as planned! I belive I initially planted the roots too deep into the substrate and the crowns rotted. One of the plants was dead within a week before I discovered this, I pulled the remaining plants up a little in the hopes it wasn't too late.... Two of the remaining plants started to show signs of recovery with new leaves developing, but these to have now died. I pulled the final stump out of the substrate today.


Back right: Amazon Sword
Another "easy" plant. This tends to be grown with the roots in water and the leaves in air, and once immersed in a tank these air adapted leaves will die off, new water adapted leaves should develop in the meantime. Can grow quite big so suited as a background plant.
This plant has been difficult to say the least, all the old leaves have died off and new ones have developed, however it has a nasty tendency to float to the surface at the slightest touch! I've lost count of the number of times I've had to replant the thing, including today when it uprooted again whilst I was doing my weekly cleanup. A work in progress!


Middle (on the wood): Anubias Barteri
This plant grows from a rhizome and should not be planted directly into the substrate, which will cause the rhizome to rot. Luckily I knew this already from a couple of YouTube videos I'd watched. The plant should be attached to wood, it will eventually form roots into the substrate and firmly attach itself to the host wood. Many people suggest fastening it to the wood with cotton line, elastic bands or glue during the initial stages.
Luckily the wood I'm using had a few conveniently sized crevices which I lodged the two pieces of Anubias into. Much like the Amazon Sword they had a nasty habit of dislodging over the first few weeks but I persevered with my approach and they now seem firmly in place and have started to produce roots which are heading for the substrate and a few new leaves have developed as well. A great plant which really works well as a centre piece in my tank... The fish like it as well


Front Left: Java Fern (Microsorum pteropus)

Another easy plant. Initially I planted this in the substrate, however like the Anubias this grows from a rhizome and should not be planted directly in the substrate but instead be attached to rocks/wood with fishing line or cotton.

Luckily I realised my mistake quickly enough and pulled the plants out and attached them to the wood fragments I'd smashed off the larger piece a few days earlier. These now appear to be doing well and have produced several new leaves along with beautiful brown feathery roots.

They have also started producing several daughter plantlets on the tips of some of the older leaves, these should eventually fall off and can be attached to more decor if required.




































Front Middle/left: Baby tears (Soleirolia)
This plant has completely disappeared from my tank. It kept rotting near the base and floating to the top. Further research suggests it may need CO2 injection and high light, definitely not a beginners plant!


Front Middle/Right: Brazilian Penneywort (Hydrocotyle leucocephala)
Supposedly another easy plant which can either be planted into the substrate or left to float on the surface. I opted to plant mine, but all the leaves dropped off in a matter of days, and most of the stalks rotted! I suspect it may have been grown as floating plant in the dealers tank (see the Amazon sword entry) and there is now a single stalk left with one solitary leaf! Your mileage may vary if you try this one.


Front Right: Hygrophila? (Not too sure on this one any help in the comments below!)
An easy plant, however it can grow quite large so possibly not well suited to it's current placement!! I planted several stalks of this, most of these uprooted quickly and I kind of gave up. One plant has survived though and has more than doubled in size. Probably better suited as a background plant if you're going to use it, luckily this could also be considered "the back" from where I sit (the tank is in a corner) so I'll leave it be for now.

****** This post is not finished - more to follow---> 1 surface plant, and 2 replacement plants! ****
19/11/2015
Category: Tropical

Author: Ants (7:15 pm)
Saturday, the water has cleared up nicely and my ammonia plus syringes have arrived. Yay, I can start cycling my tank. I'm following the excellent guide here:

http://www.fishkeeping.co.uk/articles_51/fishless-cycling-article.htm

I chose the ammonia version as the "fish food" method seems too risky, how much food and when to add it seem like an accident waiting to happen and I've read a couple of forum posts involving this method which don't look like they have been particularly successful!

A test of my water parameters gives me Ammonia (NH4), Nitrite (NO2), and Nitrate (NO3) readings of ZERO with a PH of around 7.4.

To cycle the tank I should be aiming to have 3ppm of ammonia in my tank at the start of each day, this should get converted to nitrites and finally to nitrates by the filter bacteria. Once the tank is capable of converting 3ppm of ammonia into nitrate each day the tank is cycled and ready for fish. (The tank readings should be zero ammonia and zero nitrites 24hrs after adding 3ppm ammonia to the system)

Using the handy calculator at the bottom of the guide I calculate that to add 3ppm ammonia to my tank I have to add 1.5ml, this works out as 0.5ml is roughly 1pmm a nice easy calculation.

|_Day_|_Ammonia_______________|_Nitrite_|_Nitrate_| Notes
|__1__|_0 -> add 1.5ml (3ppm) ______|___0___|___0___| Add Carbon to filter
|__2__|_2 -> add 0.5ml (1ppm) ______|___0___|___0___| Added air pump/air stone
|__3__|_2 -> add 0.5ml (1ppm) ______|___0___|___0___|
|__4__|_2 -> add 0.5ml (1ppm) ______|___1___|___5___| Nitrites and Nitrates first appear in tank
|__5__|_1 -> add 1.0ml (2ppm) ______|___2___|___5___| Replanted a plant disloged by airline.
|__6__|_0.25 -> add 1.3ml (1.75ppm)__|___5___|__10___| Snails start appearing in the tank
|__7__|_0 -> add 1.5ml (3ppm)______|___5___|__20___| ammonia -> nitrite cycle is established?
|__8__|_0 -> add 1.5ml (3ppm)______|___5___|__20___| 15Liter (approx 30%) water change
|__9__|_0 -> add 1.5ml (3ppm)______|___5___| no test |
|_10__|_0 -> add 1.5ml (3ppm)______|___2___|__20___| 10Liter (20%) water change
|_11__|_0 -> add 1.5ml (3ppm)______|___0___|__10___|
|_12__|_0 -> add 1.5ml (3ppm)______|___0___|__20___| Nitrite -> Nitratre cycle established?
|_13__|_0 -> add 1.5ml (3ppm)______|___0___|__20___| 10Liter (20%) water change
|_14__|_0 -> add 1.5ml (3ppm)______|___0___|__40___|
|_15__|_0 -> add 1.5ml (3ppm)______|___0___|__40___| approx 70% water change
|_16__|_0 -> STOP ADDING!_______|___0___|___5___| FISH IN!

So it took me 2 weeks to cycle the tank, looks like some of the old filter bacteria survived. From a standing start this process should/could take 4 to 6 weeks. If you know someone who keeps fish you may be able to get some used filter media and tank water from them to achieve the same result.

A bag of carbon was added to the filter because the wood was turning the water brown. This is a natural process as the wood leaches tannins into the water which can last for months and I didn't fancy boiling the wood for several hours as some people suggest! Whilst not harmful to the fish (some species may even find it beneficial) it can look unsightly, the carbon will remove some of this (and other unwanted toxins) from the water. That's now almost due to be removed as it apparently loses it's effectiveness after 5-6 weeks and can even start leaching any toxins it's collected back into the water.

The air pump/air stone were added because I was getting a film over the surface of the tank, which could indicate inadequate surface movement and low oxygen exchange. I later changed the pump which had become noisy and fitted a spray bar which also increases surface agitation. In a planted tank the plants will produce oxygen, BUT this only happens whilst the lights are on, in the dark the plants will also use oxygen (and give out carbon dioxide) so an air pump may be required to stop O2 levels dropping too low in the night. This is on 24/7 at the moment, but I'm wondering if it might be better to add a timer and only have this on when the lights are off? (comments are welcome below)

Part way through the process I started noticing "brown dust" appearing on some of the plants. At first I thought this might be something falling into the tank, but an online search revealed that this was brown diatoms (a type of algae) which are absorbing silicates in the tank (from the substrate etc.). This is apparently quite common in newly cycled tanks, and should eventually settle by itself. It can be "wafted off" plants by moving the water around them or removed by vacuuming them when doing water changes.

Once the tank is cycled it is important to keep topping up the ammonia until fish are added to keep the cycle going. You should add the last ammonia 12 to 24 hours before putting fish in, and check ammonia and nitrites are both ZERO with low nitates before going to the local fish shop.

The series of water changes in the final few days was done to remove/dilute the nitrates in the tank, ultimately I had to do a big (approx. 70%) change to get it down to a low starting level. This will hopefully be maintained with smaller weekly changes of around 20% once fish are in the tank.

I hope someone is finding this blog interesting (or helpful). Comments are welcome below.

Next time: The plants.

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